Pigmentation problems are some of the commonest reasons that patients seek treatment with lasers in Singapore. While they affect both Asian and Caucasian skin types, large patches of deep pigmentation are much more common in Asian patients. Besides genetics, hormonal imbalances and sun exposure can cause and perpetuate the problem.
The previous treatments described e.g. medical peels, microdermabrasion and Vitamin C dermaphoresis can help lighten superficial pigmentation. However, for more extensive and deep pigmentation, laser therapy is generally the treatment of choice.
Pigment lasers work like a key to a lock. For pigment problems at different skin layers, there is a specific laser to target that problem.
Before treatment, patients apply an anaesthetic cream to numb the area and possibly some oral tablets to reduce the discomfort further. During treatment, most patients feel nothing at all or at most like a rubber band snapping against the skin.
Depending on the laser used, the pigment can darken before disappearing as the body absorbs them or form a small crust which quickly falls off revealing smooth, blemish-free skin.
To prevent the pigmentation from re-appearing:
• is important to treat the underlying cause
• use medical grade skincare products
• take oral sunblock, anti-oxidants etc